Australian Education System, Scholarships, Vocational Education, Part time jobs Opportunity
There are many advantages to an Australian education. The educational experience and lifestyle offered to students here is exceptional. The style of teaching here is contemporary and encourages independence, creativity and innovative thinking rather than the traditional system of learning by heart- as a result more young people nowadays opt to undertake further study in Australia. Students are encouraged to come up with original and practical solutions to problems- which holds them in good stead in the future when they have to deal with problems in real life.
All the educational qualifications obtained here are overseen by the AQF- the Australian Qualification Framework, which has a universal reputation for excellence. As college degrees obtained in this country are well accepted globally, graduates find it easy to enroll for further studies at other universities in other countries. They are also very successful at finding jobs and hold many prominent positions in multinational corporates and global offices.
Every conceivable course is on offer, starting from medical and engineering studies to business, arts and commerce. Research opportunities are highly regarded and plentiful opportunities are available to the academically inclined.The diversity of courses on offer here means that students can pick a course which interests them most, and can mix and match courses from various disciplines ranging from technical and vocational education, pure sciences, and business studies to creative pursuits such as the arts, theatre and filmmaking.
Students taking a break from their studies can choose from a wide choice of leisure activities- cultural festivals, concerts, museums and various sporting events. Students from every country find it simple to make friends and find others from their own country here, as there are students from over two hundred countries who have taken up higher education here.
All in all, the country has a deep commitment to providing superior quality education at all levels. It can be said that an education in Australia can be considered the best platform for students to succeed in their careers, and get prepared to face the challenges in the workplace.
While the standard of living in Australia is among the best in the world, the cost of living is very comfortable. Living expenses and tuition costs are considerably lower in Australia than they are in US and UK. Research opportunities are highly regarded and laboratories and libraries are well equipped. Students can also have the flexibility of working while they study, and can hence pay for a part of their college fees by themselves. International students in Australia can work up to 20 hours a week, allowing them to earn money, gain useful work experience in a foreign country and meet a variety of new people.
There are plenty of scholarships available for the deserving on a merit cum means basis. International students can apply for any of a range of scholarships that are available which can help to lower the cost of studying in Australia. A number of local banks and financial institutions also offer educational and personal loans for visiting or local students who need financial assistance.
To know more about scholarships offered by the Australian Government, education institutions, and a number of other public and private organizations, please visit this link: http://www.studyinaustralia.gov.au/global/australian-education/scholarships
Paid internships while studying are also available for those who fulfill the necessary requirements. These can be temporary work placements in workplaces or in education institutions, and can be paid or unpaid depending on the industry and the length of placement. Doing an internship is a great opportunity to gain hands-on experience in the area of your study.
There are many benefits of undertaking an internship. Some internships may contribute to your education through course credits. The experience gained by working in Australia can help your chances of finding similar work back home, and can also help to improve your English. You could also develop a network of professional contacts, which could be useful for future references. An internship is also a great way to learn new work skills and practices, and make new friends!
In this country, technical and vocational education has an international reputation for excellence. Vocational training institutes deliver practical and career oriented training which is state-of-the-art and adopts new technologies. All training and research facilities are world class with fully modern laboratories, classrooms and well stocked libraries.
Regardless of whether you wish to move straight into the workforce, or to start on your tertiary education, an Australian Vocational Education and Training (VET) qualification is a good place to begin. Australia’s VET sector is based on a partnership between governments and industry. VET qualifications are provided by government institutions, called Technical and Further Education (TAFE) institutions, as well as private institutions.
Federal and State Governments provide funding, develop policies, and contribute to regulation and quality assurance of the sector. Training policies and priorities are developed and shaped by industry and employer groups, and lead to qualifications that deliver skills to the workforce.
Students who require English language training before commencing formal studies in Australia can undertake ELICOS courses. English Language Intensive Courses for Overseas Students (ELICOS) English courses in Australia give an introduction to English studies for academics, business, or recreation purposes.
The letters in the word ‘ELICOS’ stand for the first letters of Australia’s ‘English Language Intensive Courses for Overseas Students’. The Australian government has an official ELICOS student visa especially for students who do one of these courses, and students often use this as a starting point to commence their education in this country.
English language centres in Australia which offer courses to overseas students range from small privately run colleges with small group tuition, to the secondary school preparing students for high school studies, to large university or vocational education centres which will offer English in its own right or as a transition to further training programmes.
Students often come to Australia with plans for a full study programme at Australia’s university and vocational education system, and they use English language studies as the stepping stone to other courses. Students can opt to do a General English course, or specialise by doing a course in English for business, graphic arts, the hospitality industry, academic studies, or post-graduate studies.
Many centres also offer special courses in preparation for the Cambridge University examinations, IELTS or TOEFL. For more details please visit: http://www.elicos.com
Working Holiday Visas offer a host of benefits. Working holiday visa holders in Australia are allowed to travel across the country, and work to earn money during their stay.
The purpose of the Working Holiday Visa programme, which was established in January 1975, is to promote and encourage the cultural exchange and international understanding among the people under reciprocal agreements with different countries like Argentina, Bangladesh, Chile, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Turkey, the United States of America and Uruguay. It enables the candidate to experience the culture of another country by living in that country and promotes mutual understanding between countries.
Australia’s Working Holiday Visa Programme allows the holder to study a course of maximum four months duration, and there is no restriction on the type of study. There are a wide range of programmes offered by Australia’s outstanding educational institutions for students to choose from. Student nurses can study a course of 4 months leading to an Australian Qualification that allows them to work in the Australian Health Care industry. Leading Nursing institutes in Australia will support the person with the Working holiday Visa or the Australian Qualification within a month of his or her arrival in Australia. This opens up a variety of opportunities to eligible candidates.
The Working Holiday Visa Programme of Australia provides great opportunities for young self-reliant, eligible candidates aged between 18-30. They can experience extended holidays in the country, by supplementing their travel funds through incidental short term employment.
Some conditions apply for this programme:
- Persons undergoing the programme must not be Australian Citizens and must not have entered Australia earlier.
- He or she must be an individual aged between 18-30 years.
- Working Holiday visa will permit the person to do any kind of work by staying in Australia for 12 months.
- They can work for maximum 6 months with each employer and they can undergo any course for a maximum duration of four months.
- Once the person enters into Australia with their Working Holiday Visa it must be activated within a period of 12 months, otherwise the visa will be cancelled.
Once the Work and Holiday Visa is granted for the candidate, he or she can:
- Come to Australian Country at any time within the 12 months of the visa grant date
- Stay in Australia for maximum up to 12 months from the visa grant date
- Leave and come back to the Australian Country any number of times within these 12 months
- Can be employed in Australia for up to maximum of six months
More Study Options
International Study Abroad Options in Australia
Australia has a history of warmly welcoming students from both near and far every year for enrollment in one of its many international study programme options. You can choose your study programme option in Australia to suit your individual needs and goals.
- A Semester or Year Abroad in Australia
Short-term study is the most preferred option of study in Australia, either for one semester or one academic year, at any of Australia’s well-known universities. Technically, you remain a student at your host university, and the course credits you earn in Australia will be applied toward your degree at home (Please check with both universities regarding this to make sure the course credits you earn in Australia will transfer back to your university).
- Undergraduate or Graduate Degree in Australia
You can choose to earn an undergraduate or graduate degree from an Australian university. Undergraduate degree programmes in Australia are completed in three years; Australian universities assume that students have completed all necessary general education studies in high school, and hence focus only on degree requirements rather than general education coursework.
Many international students come from countries where degrees are earned in four years rather than three, and need to have completed at least one year of higher education in their home country before enrolling in an undergraduate degree programme at an Australian university.
Graduate programmes in Australia include
- single-semester studies toward the completion of a graduate certificate
- one-year studies toward a graduate diploma , and
- two-year studies toward the completion of a master’s degree.
Besides this, international students may earn a doctorate degree from an Australian university, which usually involves three to five years of full-time study and self-directed research.
- Enroll in Technical and Vocational Studies in Australia
An international student may enroll in a vocational education and training programme at one of a variety of institutions. These practical, career-specific programmes focus on hands-on workplace training. Technical and Vocational Studies are offered at private colleges, traditional universities, specialty schools and Australia’s public Technical and Further Education (TAFE) institutes.
While each vocational education facility will have its own entry requirements, generally students may be admitted after they have earned a high school diploma. Courses on offer are diverse, ranging from horticulture and business to ministry and culinary arts. Students who have completed the programme receive a certification indicating a readiness for the workforce, and some certifications may also be used as credit toward a university degree.
After having perused the entry requirements to join a course you want in Australia, it may so happen that you do not meet all the requisite entry requirements.
If so, there are many pathways that can help you reach your goal. There are various options in Australia in the field of education, and you can explore using English studies as a stepping stone to doing other courses, or starting your course of study while on a Working Holiday visa.
Field of Study
In Australia, courses of study are categorised in to ‘Fields of education’, also called ‘Fields of study’.
For more detailed information, please follow this link: https://www.studyinaustralia.gov.au/global/australian-education/fields-of-study
These are the various categories that are presently recognized:
Natural and physical sciences
- Atmospheric sciences
- Biological processes
- Chemical reactions
- Geological composition and structures
- Laboratory methodology
- Mathematical and statistical techniques
- Observation and measurement
- Scientific method
- Subatomic particles and quantum mechanics
- Thermodynamics and entropy
- Computation theory
- Computer programming
- Data format and coding
- Management, storage and retrieval of information in a computer environment
- Robotics programming and artificial intelligence
- Systems analysis
Engineering and related technologies
- Engineering and manufacturing technology
- Food technology
- Land information technology and remote sensing
- Materials science
- Principles of design, drafting, planning and commissioning
- Plant and machine maintenance
Architecture and building
- Aesthetics and space dynamics
- Building economics
- Building science
- Building techniques and technologies
- Construction management
- Architectural design and drawing
- Town planning
Agriculture, environmental and related studies
- Crop production
- Animal production and management
- Environmental impact and assessment
- Forest resource management
- Soil and water conservation
- Aquatic resource management
- Disease processes and mechanisms
- Restoration and maintenance of health
- Principles and practices of public health
- Curriculum development
- Processes of learning and skill acquisition
- Teaching methods
Management and commerce
- Management and administration
- Human and material resources management
- Sales and marketing
- Finance and financial management
- Human behaviour and time management
Society and culture
- Belief and value systems
- Cultural expression
- Human development and behaviour
- Human populations and their environments
- Politics of power
- Social organisation and structure
- Social research methodology
- Artistic and technical aspects of audio-visual communication
- Artistic and technical aspects of creating and producing art and craft, photographs and fashion apparel
- Artistic and technical aspects of creating, producing and performing music, dance and drama
- History, development and theory of the visual and performing arts
Food, hospitality and personal services
- Application and use of skin care and cosmetic products
- General beauty care
- Hair cutting, styling, colouring and treatment techniques
- Hygienic work practices in relation to the food and hospitality industry
- Preparation, display and service of food and beverages
Mixed field programmes
- Literacy and numeracy skills
- Personal, social and workplace relationships
Students Entry Requirements
Once you have decided on your field and course of study, there are some basic entry requirements that you must see if you possess. These include requirements in the following:
- English language requirements
- Academic requirements
- Visa requirements
- Overseas Student Health Cover
Please check for each of these requirements with your University or Institute.
Application process steps:
The application process can typically be carried out directly with the education provider, or through an Australian education agent. After receiving your Letter of Offer, you must confirm your enrolment and then start the process of Visa application.
Student visa options
Students who wish to do their higher studies in Australia must apply 6-8 weeks prior to the commencement of the study semester. Student visas are divided by the Australian Government into eight subclasses 570-576 based on education sector of the main course.
Student Visa Options Available:
The following are the student visa options that are available currently:
(For further details on each visa, please visit this hyperlink: the Department of Immigration and Citizenship (DIAC) )
- Independent ELICOS: English Language Intensive Courses for Overseas Students (Subclass 570).
- Schools: Primary school; secondary school including junior and senior secondary; approved secondary exchange programmes (Subclass 571).
- Vocational Education and Training: Certificate I, II, III, and IV; VET diploma; VET advanced diploma. (Subclass 572).
- Higher Education : Bachelor degree; associate degree; graduate certificate; graduate diploma; HE diploma; HE advanced diploma; masters by coursework.(Subclass 573).
- Postgraduate Research: Masters by research degree; Doctoral degree. (Subclass 574).
- Non-award: Enabling course; non-award foundation studies; other full-time courses or components of courses not leading to an Australian award. (Subclass 575).
- AusAID or Defence: Full-time courses of all types undertaken by AusAID or Defence students sponsored by the Australian Government (Subclass 576).
A special class of Visa is available as the Student Guardian Visa (Subclass 580) which provides for certain person to reside with a student in Australia where a guardian is required.
The following documents must be submitted to the counselor for Visa application. Visa application form
- Visa application fee
- 4 passport size photos
- Valid Passport
- Electronic Confirmation of Enrollment.
- IELTS score sheet
- Academic and work experience documents
- Statement of purpose
- Evidence of financial ability (tuition fees, living expenses, expenses for dependants, return airfare)
After filing the eVisa application, the counselor must download the medical forms required by the Australian Government panel. Following this, students are required to undergo medical examination supervised by a doctor on the DIAC panel.
Each eVisa application is allotted a unique Transaction Reference Number(TRN) which can be used to find out the status of application online at the following link: http://www.homeaffairs.gov.au/Trav/Visa/Immi